Introduction To Stockbroking

stockbrokingA stock broker is an up to speed individual who executes buys and sells orders for shares and other securities through a share market or over the counter for a certain amount of money. Stock Broking gives the trader an opportunity to trade shares, and this is dependent on where they can find the best prices and liquidity. The majority of stock brokers usually work under a stock broking company. One of the biggest stockbroking company is CMC Markets. Stockbrokers also work as account managers, fund managers and financial consultants

The brokers trade shares on behalf of their customers, but this is affected by the kind of statement that his client has. The client may have an execution-only account; this means that the stock broker can only sell assets if his client has approved the sale of those shares. Other accounts used by traders include the advisory account and a discretionary account. If the customer uses an advisory account, the stock broker can only advise the client on how to sell his assets. If the customer uses a discretionary account, the stockbroker has some leeway on selling assets based on a prearranged deal with his client. Some of the functions of these stock broking firms include:

  • searching out buyers if their customers wish to sell
  • relocating sellers when their customers want to buy
  • execute transactions as per the client’s instructions

Many brokerage firms specialise in making markets in individual securities, where the brokerage firm will sell the security to its customers at the asking price and would not charge a commission for handling the transaction. The stock brokers profit from the difference in which he buys the shares for his account and sells them to his customers. It is known as the spread, and it is the compensation for making a market in that security. Some of the benefits of full-service brokerage firms are, the big companies have research departments in which analysts who provide detailed reports and recommendations for their clients.

They also have investment banking divisions that provide certain services to their customers who will have access to exclusive financial products like initial public offerings (IPOs), various exotic and alternate investment opportunities. Full-time brokerage firms also have their in-house lines products such as mutual funds, portfolio management, insurance loan services and exchange traded funds.

Some other services that can be offered by the stockbroker include, advising the client on the different companies and analyse the stocks. It will help the customer to know when the prices of stocks will rise or drop hence identify the right time to sell the assets and make a profit or hold onto the shares if the stockbroker believes that the stock prices will rise. The brokers are required by law to disclose all information related to any investment recommendation it is important to research on the stockbroker one hires before investing his money as misleading information can lead to losses for the client. The stock broker also provides tax tips and retirement planning tips, monitoring the client’s investments, and consult investment analysts for ideas on the stocks.

Despite there being no set qualifications, stockbrokers are required to be degree holders or better, and the stock brokers have an obligation to be registered with relevant licensing authorities. Stock broking calls for an in-depth understanding of the financial market and economics and stock brokers have a duty to be fast thinkers, and they should not be afraid to take risks if the risks are manageable. The brokerage firm cannot be as both the broker and the dealer in the same transaction; this is due to conflict of interest, or a double interest would emerge. It is a requirement that all securities listed on an exchange should trade on the floor by the stock brokers and they cannot extend off the floor of that exchange. As much as sometimes the stock brokers provide advice on finances, they are distinct to financial advisors.

Financial advisors are usually directed towards covering an extensive range of services such as financial planning,insurance products and budgeting, on the other hand, stock broking is involved in offering security commodities and purchasing based services.


Forex Basic Elements and AlfaTrade

AlfaTrade and Forex TradingTrading currencies online through the Forex market can be fascinating and frustrating at the same time. For those who take the time to understand the currency market and learn to predict future exchange rates with reasonable accuracy, being right on the direction of prices provides mental and financial satisfaction. For those who approach it from a gambler’s perspective, constant bafflement, along with losing trades will be the probable outcome.

Forex Basics: The Currency Pair

Forex Brokers combine two currencies in what is called a currency pair. Two examples are EUR/USD for euro compared to United States dollars and AUD/USD for the Australian dollar compared to the United States dollar. One unit of the currency pair EUR/USD equals one euro (EUR) and one U.S. dollar (USD). One unit of AUD/USD equals one Australian dollar plus one U.S. dollar. Forex brokers combine many different currencies into pairs, with some brokers offering traders as many as 200 different pairs.

Understanding Forex Quotes

In the currency pair AUD/USD, the Australian dollar is known as the front currency or the lead currency. The USD in this pair is called the quote currency. For example, if a broker was showing the value of the AUD/USD currency pair as .7258, it means that the Australian dollar is worth about 72 cents in the USD. Someone with Australian currency wishing to purchase U.S. currency would pay about $1.34 AUD. Currency exchange rates fluctuate constantly during the course of a day. At times, the fluctuation can be quite dramatic and at others, rather sedate.

Mechanics of a Forex Trade

A trader thinking that the value of the Australian dollar would rise compared to the dollar would instruct the Forex broker to buy the pair, which is called going long. If the trader wanted to trade 1000 units, the broker would simultaneously buy 1000 AUD for the trader whilst simultaneously selling 1000 USD. If the Australian dollar does indeed gain value compared to the United States dollar, the trader makes a profit. The trader realises a loss if the Australian dollar drops in value. Traders can take the opposite position, called going short, by instructing the broker to sell 1000 units of the pair, resulting in the simultaneous selling of 1000 AUD and the purchase of 1000 USD. The profit/loss scenario is the exact opposite to that for going long.

Understanding the Different Types of Forex Brokers

There are two primary types of Forex broker: the market maker and the Electronic Clearing Network (ECN) broker. There are also brokers that form a hybrid of sorts, combining elements of both types. The market maker participates in all trades initiated by its clients, automatically taking the opposite position from that of the trader whilst taking a fee known as the spread for its services. Multiple clients with differing opinions on currency pair direction means that a market maker broker will carry both long and short positions simultaneously. The ECN broker, on the other hand, does not participate in trades; it simply matches traders wanting to go long with traders wanting to go short, charging a commission for its services. Retail forex traders often feel that ECN brokers, such as AlfaTrade, represent a better choice since there is no conflict of interest.


This brief discussion of four elements of Forex trading and currency rates is far from comprehensive. Those considering online currency trading need to consider many other facets, such as leverage, margin, fundamental and technical analysis and many other aspects of currency trading. Fortunately, Forex brokers offer simulated trading accounts to facilitate this process and even currency traders with years of experience often continue to use simulated trading to expand their knowledge base and test trading strategies.


AlfaTrade: How to Read Currency Charts with Confidence

Reading Currency charts with AlfaTradeTrading in Forex means that you will have to become good at reading currency charts, taking that information and putting it into action in your trade strategy. These charts show currency and their value over a particular amount of time. It is the job of currency traders to take that information and transform it into profitable trades, buying high and selling low. Meaning simply, buying a currency for a low value and selling it for a higher value. These currency charts provide much of the information that a trader needs in order to create profitable trades each day. There are several different types of charts as well but with a little bit of practice they can make understanding what trades to make easy.

Getting Started with Currency Charts

The first step is to be able to get access to charts that are current and up to date. That means they will come from a legitimate provider. Most beginner traders are going to get information from an online brokerage service, which will provide currency charts among other tools to help the decision making process, and evaluate current pricing trends. One of the most significant aspects of currency charts is to choose the specific time frame for the information. Online tools will allow the viewer to view a specific point in time to view a relevant trend from, a day, 3 days, a month or another choice that you might like. It will show you the currency fluctuations over that time.

Experienced traders are able to take the information from these visual currency charts and use them to predict the direction of a currency in the near future. One of the more basic charts is called a candlestick chart which shows the range of a currency for a specific trading day. They clearly illustrate the fluctuations of the price by showing the highs and lows in value and by understanding how they are stating the information and how the price is moving over time, changes can be observed, evaluated and acted upon. Candlestick charting is probably the most commonly used currency chart because of the ease with which the information can be understood.

Some Tools That Help Learn about Currency Charts

The Fibonacci retracement is a tool that can be used to evaluate a particular dip or spike in a stock price. It has been proven that this formula can help a trader evaluate the information on a currency chart and make a relatively consistent prediction about the direction of the price of a particular currency in the future, up or down. Making smart trades according to this information is a smart way to trade. Visit AlfaTrade to learn more about this and other tools.
Moving Averages are another indication of the value of a currency. These are used to evaluate prices over a longer period of time. Understanding the moving averages of a currency is another indication for buyers when to sell or purchase a currency.

Learn to Analyze Patterns

The information on the currency chart is only valuable if the person reading it can evaluate and understand the trends of a currency in the market over time. That means that the relationship between the highs and lows over a period of time will offer a pattern that will reveal the value of a trade. With practice, a trader can begin to anticipate the movement of a price based on its chart representation. One of the things that is most attractive to beginning traders about currency trading is the ability to become successful at making good trades quickly using tools like currency charts. As stated in this AlfaTrade review, it is a great resource to help learn the most significant patterns of a currency chart.


Benefits of using Chase bank online banking

online bankingJPMorgan Chase & Co. business of US consumer and commercial banking is known as Chase bank. This bank is one of the most reputed global banking service providers of the industry having a total asset of $2.6 trillion. It is having its network of operations across the globe. The bank is offering its services through 5,300 branches, more than 15,500 ATMs, mobile banking, online banking and by phone banking. Online banking has made the concept of banking smarter and flexible. There are several benefits of using the online banking service of Chase bank. At the outset, you need to remember that online banking comes with its own genre of rules, where you have more options to withdraw money, friendlier terms with the schemes of deposit and a number of ways to get in touch with the customer care executives.

When you desire to open an account with Chase bank, just go to the Chase online login site and get started. Online banking is redefined by the services that the bank brings you. The bank does not follow any rigid and formal rules when it comes to customer care. The customer care service is available 24×7 and that too, on social networking websites like Twitter. So, customer will face a friendly ambience when he avails the services.

There are a large number of schemes and plans when it comes to deposit. People who want to manage all their money in one place will find the online banking service ideal for them. The details are available in the website and one can see them online before taking the final decision. Even in the case when you are having a mortgage loan with this bank or any other bank and want to make payments online with your Chase account, you can do it easily and smoothly just with few clicks of your mouse.

This is something which you will not find with most other banks. Online banking has turned into mobile banking and you can get access to your account at any time of the day and from anywhere. You just need to carry your mobile phone with you. You just need to visit the Chase online login site and experience a new genre of banking experiences. Finances are to be tackled with sincerity and care, and this can be done without much formality when you count on the online banking services.

Apart from these, there are over 15500 ATM counters from where you can withdraw money. In the end, you will enjoy grand banking experiences with credit cards, good amount of interests and a lot more. The customer friendly ambience is one of the hallmarks of the bank, and you will definitely benefit a lot from the professional tackling of your finances when you bank here. In case you are looking for a one stop destination for online banking, then nothing can be the best option other than you privileged Chase bank account. For more details you can visit the website of the bank.


AlfaTrade: How to Trade the Ever Common Inverted Hammer Candlestick

AlfaTrade on Trading Inverted Hammer CandlestickIf you’ve been trading forex for some time now or has been studying up to trade the $5-trillion-per-day market, there’s a high probability you’ve encountered a tool called candlestick, which traders use to make sense of what currency pairs are doing. Using candlestick patterns as signals for entering and exiting forex positions is a viable way to make consistent returns on investment. Read on further as we discuss what candlesticks are and how to specifically use an Inverted Hammer candlestick to trade the market.

Origin of Candlesticks

It’s important to first understand what candlesticks are before you can go deeper into individual patterns that have emerged from its study. The origin of candlestick charting was first discovered by a Japanese rice farmer named Munehisa Homma who successfully predicted the rise and fall of the commodity. Over the years, practitioners of candlestick analysis have added new patterns and formations to the palette.

What is an Inverted Hammer?

In a nutshell, an inverted hammer is a single candlestick pattern that resembles a hammer flipped outside down. The body of the candlestick is usually bearish and the upper wick is at least three times longer than the lower wick, which may also sometimes be nonexistent. The latter is the common result of bears quickly reversing the bullish momentum during the last few minutes of the candlestick.

Is it the Holy Grail?

A simple definition of the candlestick does nothing for your account balance. One must learn and master how to trade it. When using candlesticks or any form of technical or fundamental analysis, it’s important to realize that such signals aren’t one-size-fits-all. You have to account for the context or the current price action that it is in. Not all economic news reports will result in expected market reaction, and certainly not all inverted hammers will predict a bearish reversal.

How to Trade

Inverted hammers generally signal a bearish reversal in a bullish market. However, it is unwise to trade the first inverted hammer that is created in a strong and long-standing uptrend. Instead, expect for price to pop up higher than the inverted hammer’s high. A good candlestick that could signal an even more reliable bearish reversal in the making is two or three small bullish candlesticks with a decent body size and small upper and lower wicks.

What to Watch Out For

As mentioned earlier, inverted hammers and other candlestick patterns do not signal an absolute occurrence. They are not the Holy Grail system that’s been long sought after by investors and gamblers alike. Instead, know which cycles or patterns have the highest probability of turning out correct. If the US dollar versus Japanese yen pair, for example, is in a ranging pattern on the 4-hour or Daily chart, it’s better to interpret an inverted hammer that appears at the support level of the range as a bullish signal.

The Bullish Counterpart

A hammer is the bullish equivalent of an inverted hammer. It’s a hammer with the lower wick at least three times longer than the top wick. A hammer is used to signal a bullish continuation or a bullish reversal if the market’s in a downtrend. Bullish hammers can also denote a bearish reversal if it appears at the top of a protracted bull trend. Place a sell order on your trading platform, such as AlfaTrade, if the next candlestick breaches the low of the previous hammer and set a stop loss a few pips above the high of the hammer.

Complementary Tools

You can increase the odds of an inverted hammer being right by adding other technical and/or fundamental parameters. For example, an inverted hammer that appears while your choice of oscillator, be it RSI or Stochastics, is at an overbought price level makes it more reliable to assume that a selloff is imminent. Another example is if an inverted hammer appears at the bottom band of a Bollinger Band while economic forecasts for the currency is bullish. This could signal an impending bounce.

Tips When Trading With Candlesticks

Manage risk is the first and foremost tip you should be heeding wholeheartedly. It’s what differentiates professional traders from gamblers. Adjust the lot sizes you trade with according to the probability of the setup as well as the size of your trading account. If you have $2,000 for example, it’s not really a smart decision to trade 1 standard lot of New Zealand Kiwi versus US dollar, which costs $1,600 in margin. While it is possible to win a huge sum of money doing this, it’s more probable that you’ll get margin called.


While inverted hammers are a standalone pattern unlike bullish engulfing or three black crows, it’s definitely a powerful signal when placed at the right context. It creates a way to extract consistent profits in the market without needing too much legwork.